The Different Forms of Resume With Samples | Types & Format
The Different Forms of Resume With Samples | Types & Format
With regards to getting a job, there are four basic resume types viz chronological, functional, combination and targeted.
Earlier, we had discussed on what a resume is and why you need a resume.
Before you begin writing your resume, it is quite important to identify the different types of resumes and the various available resume approaches, and how each is used. As an overview, there is no “right” or “wrong” way to create your resume—it will be as unique as you are.
However, the manner you present your work history, and show how you are ready to move forward, will be determined by where you want to go—that is, write for the position you are aiming for, rather than simply showing where you have been. The information that will best position you as the ideal candidate depends on your unique circumstances.
Additionally, depending on your goals and job targets, you may need or want more than one version, each tailored to a specific type of position or goal.
Type #1: Chronological Resume
The chronological resume is exactly what its name implies—by chronological order, typically listing the most recent position held first. This type of format will often list education toward the bottom of the resume, but not always. It is a straightforward approach that shows a complete career progression, and can be useful for those who have had longer-term positions and a career path that shows steady growth, a series of promotions, etc.
The chronological resume type is best for those people with a solid employment background who have no lapses in their work history. It is also beneficial if most of your experience coincides with the job you are interested in.
For those who have a steady work history, this format can work very well. Employers tend to like this format because it is straightforward, easy to understand, and does not leave any timeframe unaccounted for. For the same reasons, however, this format may not be suited for those who have little or no work history, an inconsistent work history, gaps in employment, or a trend of job-hopping. These “red flag” issues will stand out immediately in a chronological format.
FAQ About Chronological Resume
What about those with little or no paid work history?
The chronological format can be designed to work with situations challenging for new grads. Volunteer work, internships, and work study programs can all be presented as legitimate work experience in a chronological format. The difficulty with this format for new grads is, of course, that many do not have much work experience, that what they do have is inconsistent (such as seasonal work or various part-time jobs throughout college), or that their work history is very limited. For those people, the functional or combination format may work best.
Type #2: Functional Resume
Unlike the Chronological resume, the functional resume focuses on your skills and experience and pays little or no attention to your work history – this means skills, achievements, and other important highlights are given priority, and work history, if any, is either listed toward the bottom or, in some cases, not listed at all.
The major feature of the functional resume is that the employment history is secondary to the abilities you have to offer. This resume type is preferable for people who have lapses in employment as a result of illness, or job loss.
It is also beneficial for new graduates who have limited employment experience or people who are in the middle of a career change. Those who have had diverse occupations with no focused career path will also find this basic resume type helpful.
The possible headings for a functional resume include education and coursework, volunteer work, and related organizational memberships. Education is often listed near the top of the resume in the functional format because it can be the applicant’s best selling point. This is often the case for new graduates, for those with little work history, or for those whose work history is unrelated to the target position, but the educational background is a good fit.
Type #3: Combined Resume
The combined resume highlight both your skills and traits and uses elements from both the chronological and functional formats and combines them in the document. It is a perfect resume form for someone with a lengthy career history although recent grads can use it as well.
This gives you a flexible platform to list your workplace assets and show what kind of employee you are.
The first part of the résumé is dedicated to showing-off career highlights and accomplishments; the following sections outline the candidate’s work history
When writing this kind of resume, be sure to list the most recent or advanced degrees first and work in reverse order. If there are older courses that are more specific to the position, list them first.
The benefits of a combined resume are that it allows the candidate to present information in a format and order that works best for that individual.
Type #4: Targeted
The final format you might want to consider is a targeted resume. This basic resume type is customized and specific to the position you want. Your work history, abilities, and education are reflections of the job requirements.
Type #5: Newsletter
Newsletter résumés, though not one of the primary formats, are exactly as they sound; formatted to look similar to a newsletter. Typically two or three columns, information is presented in an eye-catching manner and is best suited to more creative-oriented jobs. When used appropriately, it can be very effective and help the applicant stand out from the crowd.
How To Choose The Right Resume Type
Many positions are best suited for a résumé that leans more toward the conservative side using a well-known format, and if you are unsure, it is typically better to lean toward a more conservative approach. There are cases that warrant a more creative format, but these are typically reserved for those seeking positions in creative fields. Artists and designers, for example, are better suited to using a more creative and riskier approach than someone with an M.B.A. looking for a position at Shell. Similarly, those seeking positions in advertising or sales may take a more assertive approach in their resume and cover letter than would someone in accounting.
While it can be tempting to create a flashy resume or presentation, in most cases it is best to err on the conservative side. Even artists can deliver a “traditional” resume to accompany a portfolio or Web site, leaving the latter to showcase the artist’s talent, and the former to highlight information related to the job target.